Oliver HECKMANN_thumbnail_RESEARCH_Comparative Study Analytical Modelling for Adaptive Housing Typologies_Hybrid Construction

Hybrid Construction / Flexibility & Circularity



Grand Challenge: Sustainable Built Environment

Principal Investigators:
Michael Budig
Oliver Heckmann

Research Assistants:
Ray CHERN Xi Cheng, Markus Matthias HUDERT, Amanda NG Qi Boon, LOO Jun Wen, Clement LORK, Zack XUEREB CONTI

Lynette Cheah, ESD/SUTD 
Colin Yip, Arup Singapore

Richard De Neufville

Hybrid Construction / Circularity & Flexibility

The design studies and the tools have been developed to compare various structural models based on composite systems of concrete in combination with Mass engineered Timber (MET), such as Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) and Glue Laminated Timber (Glulam). The aim is to promote timber as a renewable and sustainable material for residential construction in Southeast Asia (SEA) – a region with massive urban construction in close proximity to vast forest resources. The design utilises the ease of adaptability and relative light weight of timber and applies them as infill elements to achieve flexible floor plans.  

Moreover, with connections that are more easily reversible than concrete joints, timber-based elements cater modularity in the assembly process and enable circular design strategies and design for disassembly, helping to reduce their Global Warming Potential (GWP).  

A circularity assessment method that builds upon the design-based life cycle assessment (LCA) tool has been developed to quantify the environmental potential of circularity, based on capturing the impacts of recycled materials and tracking the re-use of modules during a  building’s service lifetime – by correlating predictive demographic models on changing occupation demand patterns with re-used partition modules that would accommodate these changes. 

Oliver HECKMANN_RESEARCH_Comparative Study Analytical Modelling for Adaptive Housing Typologies_Hybrid Construction

Circularity Indicator (CI) for Modular Infill Systems and GWP contributions of different building components


Michael Budig, Oliver Heckmann, Markus Hudert, Amanda Qi Boon Ng 

‘Next Generation Residential High-Rise: Evaluating and Comparing the Global Warming Potential of Different Structural Systems and Materials’ 

IASS International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures 2019, Annual Symposium 2019 – Structural Membranes 2019, Form and Force, 7 – 10 October 2019, Barcelona, Spain
Oliver Heckmann, Michael Budig, Markus Hudert, Amanda Qi Boon Ng, Lynette Cheah 

‘Next Generation Residential High-Rise: Advancing Flexibility And Circular Design By Evaluative Computational Means’ 

IAAC Responsive Cities Symposium 2019: Disrupting Through Circular Design. Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, 13-14 November 2019, Barcelona, Spain